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President Calvin Coolidge and President-elect Herbert Hoover, Inauguration Day 1929
President Calvin Coolidge and President-elect Herbert Hoover, Inauguration Day 1929
Resource Typeimage
TitlePresident Calvin Coolidge and President-elect Herbert Hoover, Inauguration Day 1929
Coverage / Year1929
DescriptionPhotograph, b/w
InterpretationAs the Republican presidential nominee in 1928 Hoover said "We in America today are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land." Within months after his election the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929 and the United States spiraled into the Great Depression. By the end of Hoover's term as president, in 1932, 12 to 14 million Americans were unemployed. Hoover believed that aid to the hungry and unemployed should come from local (state and county) governments and not from the federal government. On the President's recommendation Congress established the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, on January 22, 1932, to provide indirect relief to the unemployed by lending insurance companies, banks, farm organizations, railroads, and state, county, and city governments money to stimulate economic activity and employment. He was roundly criticized for this, in spite of it being the creation of a new policy of government assistance to those in need during times of economic crisis, albeit indirect.
Lesson Plans / ThemesDepression Photo Essay; The Constitution and the U.S.;
Learning Standards16 History; 15 Economics; 14 Political Systems;
Author or CreatorUnknown
SourceThe Shattered Dream: Herbert Hoover and the Great Depression by Gene Smith, 278 p., 1970 (illustrations between p.86-87)
Subject / KeywordsHoover, Herbert, 1874-1964; Depressions--1929--United States; President; Presidents; Election
Collection PublisherIllinois State Library;
Further InformationFor any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See for more information about this project.
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