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Map of CCC areas in the United States
Map of CCC areas in the United States
Resource Typeimage
TitleMap of CCC areas in the United States
Coverage / Yearc. 1933 to 1939
InterpretationBy the end of 1935, there were over 2, 650 camps in operation in all states. Eventually there would be camps in all states and in Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. On March 9, 1933 President Franklin D. Roosevelt called Congress into emergency session to hear and authorize his Emergency Conservation Work (ECW) Act, more popularly known as the Civilian Conservation Corps. The CCC would provide work for young, unemployed men during the Great Depression and to cope with national conservation needs. Before it was over, over three million young men had been engaged in a massive salvage operation, the most popular experiment of the New Deal. Induction of the first enrollee in the program was April 7, 1933 and by April 1934 the Corps faced the beginning of its second year with near universal approval and praise of the country. This young, inexperienced labor force had not only met but exceeded all expectations. The economy of cities and towns all across the nation felt the impact of mandatory, monthly $25.00 allotment checks to workers' families. Local purchases averaging about $5, 000 monthly staved off failure of many small businesses in communities close to the camps. The enrollees were working hard, while they improved millions of acres of federal and state lands, and parks. New roads were built, telephone lines strung and the first of millions of trees that would be planted had gone into the soil. The CCC also provided educational opportunities for the enrollees from the fundamentals of reading and writing to more advanced classes. In 1937 Congress passed legislation that formally established the Civilian Conservation Corps as they continued to try and establish the CCC as a permanent agency. World events surrounding the advent of World War II and the subsequent attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 brought dramatic changes to the CCC program. With the declaration of war, the National Park Service closed ended all CCC projects that did not directly relate to the war effort. The closing of the CCC camps was facilitated by the fact that many of the young men and their supervisors were taking jobs with defense industries or entering military service. Due to these events, the CCC program was terminated in 1942.
Lesson Plans / ThemesAmerican Dream; American Communities in History
Learning Standards16 History; 18 Social Systems;
Author or CreatorUnknown
SourceThe Soil Soldiers: The Civilian Conservation Corps in the Great Depression by Leslie Alexander Lacy, ISBN 0-8019-6225-0, 239 p., 1976 (p. 27)
Subject / KeywordsCivilian Conservation Corps; Conservation Corps; maps
Collection PublisherIllinois State Library;
Further InformationFor any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See for more information about this project.
Rights Management Statement
CONTENTdm file name15613141882003_ccc6.jpg
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