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Resource Typeimage
Coverage / Year1917 to 1930
DescriptionBlack Hammond typewriter on a wooden base. Missing wooden top section. Marked "Hammond Multiplex." See "Interpretation" for information on how the typewriter helped women enter the workforce in the United States.
InterpretationBefore 1900 most businesses were small and were run by men. Many men worked as clerks and were responsible for writing (by hand) bills of sale and the company's correspondence. By 1920 this male world had changed dramatically. Women now made up over 50% of office workers. Working in an office became an acceptable occupation for women, and although few women clerks become executives, the job paid better than most jobs that women were allowed to do at the time. The invention of the typewriter helped women enter what had previously been a man's profession. The typewriter increased efficiency, gave offices a standardized output, and made it possible to generate more paperwork resulting in more jobs for women. See Thomas Schlereth Everyday Life in Victorian America for more information on changes in whitecollar officework.
Lesson Plans / ThemesAmerican communities in history;
Learning Standards16 History; 18 Social systems;
Author or CreatorEarly American Museum
Subject / KeywordsTypewriters; Women; Economics; Office workers;
Collection PublisherEarly American Museum
Further InformationFor any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See for more information about this project.
Rights Management Statement
Resource Identifier1975.069.0001
CONTENTdm file name39.jpg
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