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Cahokia Village
Cahokia Village
Resource Typeimage
TitleCahokia Village
Coverage / Year1699 to Present
DescriptionWinter scene at Cahokia from a lithograph by J. S. Wild, published in 1841. Horses roam freely in the Commons. A couple in a sleigh are pulled by a horse. Another couple walks in the snow, the woman keeping her hands warm in a muff, and the man by shoving his hands in his pockets. Two children play in the distance. Near the center of the line of buildings, the steeple identifies the Holy Family Church, and to the left of it is the Nicolas Jarrot Mansion, built about 1811.
InterpretationOne of the most interesting places to visit in Illinois is the tiny village of Cahokia. Located at the intersection of Routes 3 and 157, is the historic area shown in this lithograph. Nearby is the Cahokia Courthouse. French missionaries established the first permanent Euro-American settlement in the Mississippi Valley at Cahokia in 1699. The early buildings were of vertical log construction, and the farmers (habitants) farmed their land in long narrow strips called longlots that ran from Cahokia Creek to the bluffs. Collectively, the longlots were called common fields. In some French settlements they were fenced to prevent livestock from roaming there while the crops were growing. Each habitant maintained his own fields and his section of fencing. Once the crops were harvested, the fields were opened to communal grazing.
Lesson Plans / ThemesFrench in Illinois; American Communities in History; Communities and Geography; Settling in the Midwest; Illustrated Timeline of Illinois Settlement
Learning Standards16 History; 15 Economics; 17 Geography;
Author or CreatorIllinois Heritage Association
Subject / KeywordsFrench Colonial Period; French Colonial District; Agriculture; Cahokia, Illinois; Jarrot, Nicholas, 1764-1820; Winter
Collection PublisherIllinois Heritage Association
Further InformationFor any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See for more information about this project.
Rights Management Statement
Resource IdentifierIHA00011
CONTENTdm file name42.jpg
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