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Map of Marquette and Jolliet Route
Map of Marquette and Jolliet Route
Resource Typeimage
TitleMap of Marquette and Jolliet Route
Coverage / Year1673; French Colonial Period;
DescriptionPierre Marquette and Louis Jolliet successfully located the Mississippi River and traveled down it in two birch bark canoes, accompanied by five voyageurs. On the return trip they chose the Illinois River and then the Des Plaines River, where it was easier to paddle upstream. From the Des Plaines River it was a short portage to Lake Michigan.
InterpretationOn May 17, 1673, Marquette and Jolliet departed from the mission at St. Ignace (Michilimackinac) Michigan. From the Wisconsin River they were able to reach the Mississippi River on June 17, "with a joy I cannot express, " wrote Father Marquette in his diary. On their trip Marquette and Jolliet visited Indian villages and saw a painting of the legendary Piasa Bird on the bluffs near present-day Alton. They went as far south as the Arkansas River and then turned back, knowing the river would lead to the Gulf of Mexico and not to the west as they had hoped. On their return trip they stopped on the Illinois River near present-day Utica and visited a village of the Kaskaskia Indians, part of the Illinois Confederacy. Marquette promised to return and establish a mission there. Marquette became ill on the trip and stayed behind near Green Bay, while Jolliet continued on to New France (Canada).
Lesson Plans / ThemesWestward Expansion; Settling in the Midwest; French in Illinois; Map Skills
Learning Standards16 History; 17 Geography;
Author or CreatorIllinois Heritage Association
Other ContributorsIllinois State Historical Library
Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
Sourcebl/wh photo
Subject / KeywordsDiscovery & exploration; French Colonial District; French Colonial Period; Missionaries; Marquette, Pere Jacques, 1636-1675; Joliet, Louis, 1645-1700
Collection PublisherIllinois Heritage Association
Further InformationFor any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See for more information about this project.
Rights Management Statement
Resource IdentifierIHA00043
CONTENTdm file name43.jpg
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