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French fur trader
French fur trader
Resource Typeimage
TitleFrench fur trader
Coverage / Yearc. 1675 to c. 1763
DescriptionThe trader wears a mix of European and Native American clothing, and carries his musket, hatchet, and a knife. Fur pelts are slung over his shoulder.
InterpretationThe French fur traders (coureurs de bois), brought European goods to the Indians, including weapons, ammunition, tools, cloth, trinkets, and brandy. As the French government tried to restrict the activities of the fur traders some traders became outlaws; others defected to the British. Some of the traders gave up the life of adventure and became farmers. The end of the French and Indian Wars in 1763 marked a decline in the French fur trading business, and the British became the dominant power in the market.
Lesson Plans / ThemesFrench in Illinois; Settling in the Midwest
Learning Standards16 History; 14 Political systems; 15 Economics; 17 Geography; 18 Social systems;
Author or CreatorIllinois Heritage Association
Other ContributorsIllinois State Historical Library
Illinois Historic Preservation Agency
SourceOriginal drawing, possibly printed in a contemporary magazine, such as Harper's Weekly
Subject / KeywordsArchitecture; French Colonial Period; Fur trade;
Collection PublisherIllinois Heritage Association
Further InformationFor any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See for more information about this project.
Rights Management Statement
Resource IdentifierIHA00048
CONTENTdm file name82.jpg
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