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Resource Typeimage
Coverage / Year1850 to 1860; Belleville, St. Clair County, Illinois
DescriptionThis fancy coverlet was woven from red, navy blue, green and undyed wool. The centerfield pattern is made of five rows of a large four-leaf cluster design alternating with an eight petal flower with diamond center; a stylized feather design extends above and below each element. The side and bottom borders contain "weeping" tulips. The weaver's name and work location are woven in each lower corner. The sides and bottom edges are fringed. Total size is 96-1/2" x 71-1/2".
InterpretationCoverlets differ from quilts because they are woven, rather than pieced, and usually made by men. The men who wove fancy coverlets in Illinois moved here looking for inexpensive farmland and/or markets for their wares. The man who wove this coverlet learned to weave before he left his native Germany in 1846. Most male Illinois weavers made coverlets to order and many were farmers who wove only during the winter months to earn extra income. This man had a commercial enterprise and kept a supply of coverlets for sale on hand. He also wove carpets.
Lesson Plans / ThemesHow we learn about communities; American communities in history; Westward Expansion;
Learning Standards16 History; 18 Social Systems; 25-27 Fine Arts;
Author or CreatorGauss, George, 1821-1888
SourceMade by George Gauss; Donated to the Lakeview Museum by Merle H. and Barbara Glick
Subject / KeywordsBedcovering; Weaving; Coverlet
Collection PublisherLakeview Museum of Arts and Sciences;
Further InformationFor any further information related to this record, please contact the Collection Publisher. See for more information about this project.
Rights Management Statement
Resource IdentifierLVM1994.057
CONTENTdm file name51511182162002_coverletgaus.jpg
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